Anxiety is a natural human emotion felt during stressful situations. For those with an anxiety disorder, this emotion may persist and harm their daily activities. Work, school, and relationships with others may be affected negatively.
According to National Comorbidity Survey Adolescent Supplement, an estimated 31.9% of adolescents aged 13-18, and 19.1% of those 18 and older in the U.S. have an anxiety disorder.
Major Types of Anxiety Disorder
- Generalized Anxiety Disorder
This disorder is characterized by excessive and long-lasting worrying about non-specific life events, objects, and situations. People with the disorder may not always be able to identify the cause of their nervousness.
- Panic Disorder
Recurrent panic attacks mark this type of disorder. Panic attacks may be manifested through heavy sweating, trembling, shortness of breath, feeling of choking, palpitation, and feeling of impending doom.
- Social Anxiety Disorder
This psychological disorder is also known as social phobia. People with this disorder are especially afraid and nervous when put into social situations wherein they may feel judged, rejected or embarrassed.
Phobia is the intense fear and distress brought by a specific object, animal or situation.
- Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
This disorder can develop after going through a severe emotional or physical trauma such as disaster, harassment or accident. Symptoms may include flashbacks, frightening thoughts, and nightmares that may affect the person’s daily activities.
- Obsessive-compulsive Disorder
It is characterized by persistent, uncontrollable feelings and obsessions about routines or rituals.
When To Consult A Therapist
Anxiety is a part of our lives. It keeps us safe and gets us out of stressful instances. However, if it starts to interfere with our daily activities because of constant worries with little or nonexistent danger, seeking professional health from a therapist is recommended. Are your relationships going downhill? Can’t you express yourself anymore? Are you up all night because you’re worried about what will happen the next day?
Finding a therapist near you is one option. You may also opt to take online consultation, especially for those with social phobia, through BetterHelp.
- Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
This treatment is a type of psychotherapy which teaches people how to think, respond, and react to anxiety-producing and fearful situations. Cognitive therapy focuses on the negative thoughts, and how they contribute to anxiety. The behavioral part focuses on your reaction to these stimuli.
This therapy revolves around the premise that our thoughts, and not the external events, affect the way they feel. The main idea is to change the person’s feelings towards the situation which will root from changing the person’s way of thinking towards the same event.
- Self-Help And Support Groups
Reading books and articles about self-help may prove useful especially if you are self-disciplined. According to Ellen Hendriksen, Ph.D., a clinical psychologist. “You might come away from a good self-help book with a changed attitude, different behavior, fresh motivation, or something else shiny and new to test-drive.” Joining support groups may be helpful as well since you will have people who are willing to listen and are going through a similar experience. Going on group chats can be therapeutic too, especially if you want to connect with people everywhere. However, “there is reason to exercise caution in taking advice from others, unless they are a trained professional,” says Julianne Schroeder, MS, LPC, NCC, a licensed professional counselor who specializes in anxiety.
- Stress Management Techniques
Stress management techniques and meditation may help the person calm down. Techniques may involve yoga and meditation. Chantelle Doswell, a licensed counselor says “mantras can be helpful for folks with anxiety in two ways: They can focus the mind, and they can provide counter-narratives to anxiety-provoking automatic thoughts.” However, the technique is better if it is best to avoid anxiety-inducing drugs and substances such as caffeine, soft drinks, energy drink and some medication.
Discover a happier you! Consult a therapist today.